Last year, many country neighbors with tomatoes had a real disaster. At first glance, the fruits looked whole and healthy, but their flesh acquired a jelly-like consistency and became inedible.
As a result, many familiar gardeners were left completely without a tomato crop. The reason for this was the watery rot of tomatoes – a formidable disease that is difficult to treat, but simply to prevent.
Sources of the disease are the pathogenic bacteria Erwinia aroidea and Er. Carotovora. Both tomato plants and many other vegetables can suffer from them.
Ground tomatoes are the most susceptible to watery rot. But it also affects plants in greenhouses, and can also suddenly develop on already harvested fruits when they are ripened and transported.
The infection makes its way inside the tomatoes through any mechanical damage to the skin. And for this, she needs the most microscopic cracks and punctures, which are indistinguishable to the human eye.
In an infected fetus, the flesh becomes like jelly. As a result, it begins to look like a balloon filled with helium.
Unfortunately, no effective drugs have yet been invented against this scourge. Therefore, if watery rot has found a way to your tomato bed, this year the crop will be mediocre.
On the other hand, it is useful to take preventive measures against infection:
- For planting, use exclusively strong, healthy seedlings – preferably not purchased, but homemade.
- Use biologics and growth regulators throughout the growing season. They stimulate the immunity of tomatoes and make them less susceptible to diseases and pests. In this regard, Trichodermin, Immunocytophyte, Zircon, and Carvetol have proven themselves well.
- Make sure that there are no harmful insects on the garden – cicadas, aphids, thrips, scoop, and bugs. This will help you with special multi-colored sticky traps. Well, if you still encountered pests on tomatoes, use Fitoverm or any other safe biological product to combat them. Just consider that these products give an unstable effect, so spraying is repeated after each rain.
And finally, even if you grow tomatoes in a greenhouse, always try to observe crop rotation.
Learn how it can be organized in a greenhouse, learn from this article.