Aeroponics is another way to grow plants without using a substrate. In this article, you will learn the history of the emergence of aeroponics, how an aeroponic installation works, and what equipment is needed to make it yourself. More insides here https://420growradar.com/p/best-weed-grinder/.
First, a little history
The method itself was invented in the middle of the 20th century, as evidenced by the work of the scientist I.G. Murash, the first publications of which date back to 1964. In them, he explains in detail how to apply aeroponics technology in greenhouses. At the same time, NASA became interested in this technology of growing the plant. For several years, astronauts have been conducting experiments on adapting plants to zero gravity conditions. It has been found that in the specific conditions of space shuttles, plants absorb more phosphorus and less components such as magnesium, zinc and iron.
In the 80s of the 20th century, a microchip for watering plants was invented, which sprays a special “mist” into the air, consisting of water and nutrients. The root system of the plant, with this growing method, remains suspended in the “air”, and not submerged in water, as in hydroponics, or in soil, as in conventional cultivation.
Later, a special inflatable aeroponic system was invented, which was tested on the ground and in space. This technology is planned to be used for plant cultivation during the expedition to the moon in 2020.
How does an aeroponic installation work?
The device of the aeroponic installation is quite simple, based on the constant access of nutrients and oxygen to the plant root system. A pump with nozzles is placed in a tank with a solution, plants are placed on top. Also, for the functioning of this system, a timer is required, according to which a solution in the form of an aqueous suspension will be directly supplied to the roots of the plant.
DIY home aeroponics
To assemble an aeroponic installation yourself at home, you will need the following equipment:
1 ) A container in which plants will grow. It must be opaque so that direct rays of the sun or artificial light do not hit the roots of the plants. Also, in such a container there should be several levels, the first for the nutrient solution and a pump or a pump with nozzles, the second direction for plants. 2) Pump for feeding the nutrient solution. You can purchase a specialized one, and you can also use an automobile compressor for these purposes. 3) Nozzles, which should spray an aqueous suspension. Ultrasonic equipment can be used to generate fog. 4) Place for plants
… To do this, you can use a shelf with plant pots. The material for such a shelf can be foam, plastic, or any moisture-proof material. 5) Additional container for clean water. 6) A mechanical or electronic timer is a matter of taste. It is necessary to free up your time and automate watering.
Advantages and disadvantages of aeroponic growing
Any method of growing plants has its advantages and disadvantages, let’s take a closer look at them. Aeroponics advantages: 1) Intensive plant growth, due to the active saturation of the root zone with oxygen; 2) Increased productivity; 3) Obtaining an ecologically clean crop, without the use of pesticides; 4) Time savings as there is no need to weed and replant plants. Plants can be moved in the container, old plants are easily removed. Disadvantages or disadvantages of using aeroponics:
1) The complexity of the system, the need to purchase special equipment;
2) In case of frequent failures or emergency, for example, with an electric one, plants can die in the shortest possible time;
3) There is a high risk of infection with pathogenic microflora;
4) The need for “quarantine” of plants in case of infection;
5) The aesthetic part – few are used to seeing the open root system of plants.
Aeroponics is a relatively young method of growing plants, which has a significant number of advantages over traditional cultivation. However, it is not that easy to use and there are also risks of plant disease due to the open root system. These systems can be considered for vertical cultivation, but in this case, it is necessary to think about the use of a substrate at least at the first stages of plant development.
Great harvests for you!